Frequently Asked Questions
Why does southeastern Wisconsin need a vehicle inspection program?
Southeastern Wisconsin has an air quality problem that requires a multi-faceted approach to solve. In order to achieve and maintain the 8-hour ozone air quality standard, the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources has developed a plan (State Implementation Plan) that requires targeted reductions in volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions in the Milwaukee area from motor vehicles, industry and other sources. The Wisconsin Vehicle Inspection Program (WIVIP) contributes to this effort by reducing motor vehicle VOC emissions by 7% and NOx emissions by 5%. So far, no other control strategies have been found that could replace the WIVIP test.
Isn't most of our pollution coming from other areas?
Studies are demonstrating that the air pollution from one area where it
is produced is likely being transported to another with the prevailing winds.
All four states bordering Lake Michigan are working together to find solutions
to improve air quality throughout the region.
How much pollution comes from vehicles?
Unlike other pollutants, ozone is not emitted directly into the air. Rather,
it is formed in the presence of sunlight through chemical reactions between
nitrogen oxides (NOX) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs). In southeastern
Wisconsin, vehicles emit about one-third of these ozone-forming pollutants -
which the rest emitted by industry and other smaller sources, such as lawn and
garden equipment, paints, motorboats, and some businesses.
Isn't ozone important to protect the earth from ultraviolet rays?
While ozone in the upper atmosphere is beneficial to people by shielding
the earth from harmful ultraviolet radiation given off by the sun, high concentrations
of ozone at ground level are a major health and environmental concern.
How is ground level ozone harmful?
Ozone pollution poses a significant health risk, especially for the elderly,
young children, and those with respiratory difficulties. In addition, high levels
of ozone can damage crops and forests.
How do vehicle emission inspections reduce pollution?
The vehicle inspection program identifies vehicles with high hydrocarbon
and/or carbon monoxide levels so repairs can be made to reduce harmful emissions.
What is the vehicle inspection procedure?
All vehicles will receive an OBD inspection.
The inspection consists of verifying that the vehicle's check engine light is
working and communicating with your vehicle's on-board computer.
On Board Diagnostic testing procedures are detailed here.
Will your vehicle pass the inspection?
A well-maintained vehicle should continue to pass the inspection. Nine
out of ten vehicles pass the inspection.
What if your vehicle fails the inspection?
If your vehicle fails, it will need to be repaired and brought back for
reinspection. Motorists are provided information to help the repair technician
diagnose the cause of the failure. Motorists are also given information so they
can review the track records of repair facilities to help them decide on where
to take their vehicle for repairs.
A list of
recognized repair facilities
is also available to help
you make decisions about where to have your vehicle repaired.
What if I need more time to have my vehicle repaired and retested?
Registration Renewal Tests: If your
license plates are expiring, you would need to purchase a 30-day temporary
license plate. They can be purchased either by mail, or in person at DMV
Customer Service Centers or Wisconsin Vehicle Inspection facility (in the office
area). There is a $3 charge for the temporary plates and an additional
counter fee if purchased at either a DMV center or test station. A vehicle may be eligible for up to 3
temporary plates and some restrictions apply.
Change of Ownership Tests: If you
recently purchased the vehicle and are nearing the end of the 45 day testing
window, you would need to call the following number for a one-time 30 day
extension: 1-866-OBD-TEST. There is no charge for this service.
The 30-day extension can not be issued at the vehicle inspection station.
Can I renew my license plate stickers at all emission test facility locations?
After meeting emission-testing requirements, most motorists can now purchase
their vehicle license plate stickers at all emission-testing locations. There
is a $10 fee for this registration renewal service and some restrictions apply.
Call the test facility for payment options.
Please ask the emission inspector for details.
Do I have to get out of my vehicle?
Generally, all passengers and pets will have to exit the vehicle while
the inspector is driving it. If it is necessary for you to stay in the vehicle
during the inspection, you may move out of the driver's position to another
seat in the car while the inspector tests your vehicle. If you have a specific
concern, please see the station manager.
My vehicle is not in the area for a few months and needs a test. What do I do?
Please complete an application for temporary exemption from the testing
requirement until the vehicle is back in the area. The exemption form is
MV2472 and instructions are on the form.
How early can I get my vehicle inspected ahead of the license plate renewal expiration deadline?
Vehicles subject to emissions inspection may fulfill the inspection requirement up to 180 days prior
to their license plate renewal date. You can determine whether your
vehicle is due for inspection within the next 180 days by entering your license
plate on WisDOT's
. If the inquiry result page includes the statement "IM
test is needed," your vehicle's plate renewal date falls within the next 180
days. You do not need a renewal statement in order to receive your
inspection- simply visit the station registration desk, located within the
office area, prior to getting in line for an inspection.
Are you buying a used vehicle?
Vehicles more than five model years old are required to be inspected upon
change of ownership. Motorists receive notice of the emission-testing requirement
after they have titled and registered the vehicle. Failure to complete the emission
requirement within the allotted 45-day time period will result in the suspension
of the newly purchased vehicle's registration.
Who can I call for more information?
All program questions can be directed to 1-866-OBD-TEST.